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Newark Television Channel 19 Blog

This blog covers the development and operation of the Newark City School District Television Center, Closed Circuit Television (CCTV)and CATV Channel 19 - later as NSN-19. The Newark, Ohio, City School System has owned and operated television broadcasting and cablecasting facilities since 1962. The PBS broadcast station, WGSF-TV 31, operated from 1963 to 1976, and is documented in Bog 1 (WGSF Blogs) and Blog 2 (Information)


Television for Teachers

06:35:48 pm, by admin  544 views 
Categories: InstructionalTelevision

In the spring of 1963, the Newark Branch of the Ohio State University offered a course in Teaching By Radio and Television (Education 601).
The course was taught by Dr. Hazel Gibbony of the Communications Center at Ohio State and enrolled the following teachers:

Margaret Agin
Alice Armstrong
Monna Berro
Helen Brown
Thelma Bounds
Bernard Campbell
Marjorie Fant
Janice Greider
Elizabeth Hall
Helene Hart
Rowena Jones
George Roberts
Leah Russell
William Snook
Mabel Stockman
Otto Stockman
Angelin Taylor
Elizabeth Weston

Because of the availability of WGSF, the course concentrated on teaching by television. As a finale, the class presented a live half-hour broadcast of different methods of using television in the classroom and and the community. The telecast was made on May 20, 1963 from 8:00 until 8:30 PM.

Mrss. Janice Greider, Audio-Visual Director, has an 8mm film of this telecast in her files. It is believed that there is a tape recording of the audio portion in possession of one of the class members.

Tags: education 601



Instructional Television (ITV)

07:37:03 am, by admin 1282 views
Categories: InstructionalTelevision

Instructional Television (ITV)

Television programs that are used in the school classroom are collectively referred to as "Instructional Television."

The program may be utilized as a supplement to, or as a part of, the core of the lesson or teaching plan.

The program(s) may originate from any of several sources, including a video player in the classroom, closed circuit distribution (CCTV), from cable (CATV) or broadcast facilities (Off-Air).

Tags: catv, cctv, itv, off-air



Play It Backwards

03:32:18 pm, by admin 467 views
Categories: Newark High School - E Building

Motion picture films were once the mainstay of media resource centers in schools. You could obtain films for just about any subject. My job included setting up up the projector and requested film before a class started. I would run part of the film to adjust the focus and check the sound, then switch to ‘Reverse Play’ to go back to the beginning of the film. Of course the picture movement was backward, and so was the sound. It sounded something like, “ weep dwroop vfoo scrahees det”, making no sense at all. One day I noticed a student watching, seemingly fascinated by the reverse process, as I made my check on a film about Japan. Jokingly I said, “ Isn’t that interesting? You play it foreword, it’s English but play it backward, and it’s Japanese.”
“Yeah,” he agreed. “That’s pretty cool!”
Total acceptance!
I wish people were as quick to believe the true facts rather than myth, fable and rumor.
Phonograph records were also the subject of myth and fable. Numerous records were purported to have messages recorded backwards in them. You could hear incantations, dirty words and the like, if you played them backwards. ‘Backwards’ was not easy to do on a regular record player, but a professional turntable like we just happened to have in the TV Center would work. We had a steady stream of ‘believers’ wanting to check it out. Even the theme song to “Mr. Ed”, the program about a talking horse, was supposed to have something. They seldom came up with anything that sounded remotely like the rumored message.
For the most part, it was silly, good fun; we were willing to oblige them in their searches.

Television at Newark High School

04:31:13 pm, by admin 717 views
Categories: InstructionalTelevision

The "Baby Boom" years hit the entire United States school system with the largest number of students in its history. The trickle began with those born after the War (WWII) in 1946, and swelled to flood proportions by the late 1950's. Institutions of Learning scrambled to accommodate the influx of students.
New technologies for teaching were eagerly explored, as well as constructing new buildings. The rapidly developing television industry was championed by many educators as a means of reaching, and teaching, many students simultaneously, utilizing the few teachers that were available.
Newark, Ohio,was one of the communities that moved toward television technology in the 1950's. The new campus style high school,dedicated in 1963, was wired for closed circuit television (CCTV) and distribution of off-air television. The intention was to utilize the new non-commercial Educational Television stations then under construction. The Ohio State University, in Columbus, OH, had a station broadcasting by the late 1950's. A consortium of educators and institutions developed a service to distribute Instructional Television programs by means of high-flying aircraft, carrying
special television equipment. The Midwest Program for Airbourne Television Instruction (MPATI) operated for several years, flying over Montpelier, IN. The New Newark High School was equipped to receive and distribute these programs.
There were two major drawbacks with this system at Newark: The selection and scheduling of MPATI programs did not fit well in the high school curriculum or classroom schedule; and, not enough television receivers were available to service the many classrooms.
Accordingly, a pilot project was set up at one of the elementary schools, Hazelwood School, on the far east side of Newark. This was utilized for many years.
The Columbus City Schools developed their own Instructional Television curriculum, and broadcast those programs on the Ohio State University station, WOSU-TV, Channel 34, in Columbus. Most of the schools in Newark were not able to receive an acceptable signal directly from WOSU-TV, however.
The Media or "Audio-Visual Department" had been working toward on these challenges in the late 1950's. A community group was able to come up with a plan to build an Educational TV Station in Newark. The low-powered station was on a high hill, positioned to easily receive the signal from WOSU-TV and rebroadcast it to the entire Newark Community. WGSF Television began regular broadcasting on March 18, 1963. No Instructional/Educational programs were aired at that time, however. Only a week-day, evening schedule was possible, mainly from the National Educational Television service (NET).
By the following year, summer of 1964, a consortium of local Ohio school districts, including Newark and Columbus, worked out a plan to distribute ITV programs via WOSU-TV, which included both copyright and other ownership and clearance issues, and a cost-sharing program through membership in the Central Ohio ETV Foundation (COETV).
Several other Ohio communities developed similar arrangements, utilizing University ETV stations.
WGSF Television added personnel in the summer of 1964, and began broadcasting COETV programs in September, 1964, as well as the evening NET "Public" programs.

Moving In: The Summer of '76

08:14:26 pm, by admin 2924 views
Categories: Newark High School - E Building

Link: http://wgsf.oldgleaner.com/

The main item of business following the final day of broadcasting, June 30, 1976 at WGSF Television was to sever the links to the broadcast world. The FCC license to broadcast was formally returned to the Federal Communications Commission. Many steps had already been taken, such as scheduling the cut-off of feeds from PBS, O/NET, and the press feeds for news. Now the equipment itself had to be relinquished to the various agencies.
The Channel 31 Mobile Production van was deeded to the Ohio Historical Society, along with some equipment and programming records.
The Telephone company came to take down the microwave dish that had provided our PBS feed. I jokingly commented that if they didn't want the antenna, I would take it. A little later, one of the men came in and asked if I was serious about taking the antenna. Seems that the truck they brought wasn't big enough to hold a ten-foot diameter parabolic dish antenna. I said that I really would take it (for a possible ham radio use). They called back to the office in Columbus, where it was determined that they could not just give it to me; I would/could pay for it, though. How much? The grand sum of $4.00!

The WGSF files were transferred to the Board of Education Office downtown. The WGSF office on 5th Street was cleaned out, and a new occupant moved in. Secretary Ellen Wolfe was transferred to a clerical job at the Board of Education.
There were still many telephone calls - the mail and calls would continue for many years. Some people seem to never get the word!
Alice Armstrong came up to make copies of some of her music education programs. There were a few visitors to the station on Horn's Hill, but it was, for the most part, a quiet, lonely summer.
There had, of course, been discussions as to how best to utilize the equipment that remained, and especially how to integrate the television service into the overall Audio-Visual/Media program. There was very little in the way of video tape equipment in the Newark School System in 1976. Most of it was located on Horn's Hill, not the most convenient way to service the classrooms. Finally, a room was found on the Newark High School campus, in 'E' Building. This room measured only 9 x 18 feet, but was enough to set up a shelf with several video tape recorders. Tapes could be made, then taken to the classroom for playback on one of two available reel-to-reel machines on a TV Cart.
I still had access to the old blue route van from WGSF, and it made many trips up and down The Hill that summer of '76!
The beginning of the school year was not the end of frequent excursions to the station, but the room was ready to go!
Room '15 E' became the "TV Center" and I quickly became responsible for the scheduling and movement of the TV/VTR Carts.

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