|CRT rebuilding at the museum|
|Color Champion rebuilding plant|
|Empire Vacuum Products rebuilding plant|
|15GP22 rebuilding project|
|RACS 15GP22 rebuilding|
|John Yurkon's project: making an all-glass 15GP22|
|RACS pyrex tube rebuilding|
In the 1950s and 60s, hundreds of companies rebuilt picture tubes. At that time tubes failed frequently, and rebuilding was an inexpensive alternative to buying a new one. Today picture tubes outlast the average TV set, and only a few companies still rebuild them.
Here is the process:
1. The neck of the CRT is cut near the base.
2. The gun is sent to a firm which inserts a new filament and cathode in the old gun. The gun is then attached to a glass "stem", which contains the wire leads and a small protruding tube used to evacuate the CRT.
3. A glass extension tube about 4 inches long is welded to the CRT neck.
4. The stem is welded to the inside of the extension tube, which is then cut off to the proper length.
5. A vacuum pump is attached to the stem, and air is removed. When as much air as possible has been removed, the tube is heated to about 750 degrees F. This process causes the remaining air molecules to move very rapidly, increasing the likelihood that they will end up in the stem, where the vacuum pump can remove them.
6. The tube on the stem is then crimped to seal the CRT.
7. There will be remaining molecules of gasses in the tube which must be removed. Barium is used for this purpose. A "getter" is installed near the gun, which is "flashed" to remove the remaining gas. This is done using an RF induction heater.