Here is James T. Hawes web page on the Telechrome. He commented:
The artist's conception (above,
right) is inaccurate. The shape of the tube isn't at all the shape of Telechrome. No photos of Telechrome show a tube with a gently sloping CRT face. To avoid implosion by atmospheric air pressure, Baird adopted a bulbous profile for the tube. The interior screen was far inside the tube. The artist's conception incorrectly shows a screen just behind the viewing window. Most important, in this drawing, two necks plainly block the viewing area. This tube concept is completely implausible and impractical.
The three-color tube in your description would have been *very* difficult to build and assemble. Each serration would be only one or two lines deep. Add to that this fact: Arthur Johnson (Baird's glassblower) had to fold the tube elements and insert them into a ready-made tube! Then he erected the folded elements inside the tube, probably using levers or strings. He said that the process was much like inserting a ship into a bottle! (See Ray Herbert's charming book, p. 26.)
Folding a serrated mica target and holding it in microscopic register with a flat mica target must have been daunting!
I don't know if Baird ever actually achieved the 1,000 line Telechrome picture. This was a dream for his presentation before a review committee. He also mentioned that Telechrome would adapt to the British 405-line system. I can imagine a 202.5-line field of red-orange and then a field of blue-green. The committee probably didn't adopt Baird's proposal for many reasons. One of these would be the 50 percent reduction in resolution! The flicker rate would also double.
Herbert's book talks about Baird's demonstration version: 600 lines with triple interlace. That would be triple interlace (200 lines per each scan) for red-orange. Then the same for blue-green. That makes six scans per frame!
The rear neck could face the screen. The tube on display in England has one slanted neck, allowing front viewing, plus a straight rear neck. Then there's the third neck, which is the original neck of the Hewittic rectifier. This neck seems to support the two-sided mica plate. Some Telechrome tubes had two slanted necks plus the Hewittic neck. Such tubes might allow viewing from either side, with the rear viewer watching a mirror image.
Notice that the necks are longer than they appear in the patent drawing. Also, the target appears to be smaller than in the drawing. As the draftsman was at work, a bit of idealization took hold.
As far as I know, Baird never built or demonstrated the three-color version (with four necks). At least, no museums have such a tube on display.
The color drawing that you show must precede the idea of reusing a Hewittic envelope. One advantage of the Hewittic envelope is that it allows a fairly large picture without very thick glass. Unfortunately the Hewittic tube makes the front of the CRT protrude forward in a very bulbous way. Also, the picture buries itself way down in the tube's center. The necks jut out in three directions, increasing cabinet size and weight.
Telechrome was the intended replacement for projection displays with color wheels. Line-sequential, if it had worked, would have succeeded Telechrome. I've read rumors of a one-neck or even a one-gun Telechrome-like tube. This is another mystery that never turned up anywhere. Probably Baird never built such a tube. The Sydenham Web site insists that this tube was a"Trinitron." How wrong. If Baird ever could or did build such a tube, it wouldn't be a Trinitron, not even close. Trinitron has far too many distinguishing differences, starting with three guns instead of one.
The three-color Telechrome is a nice idea on paper, but no examples exist today. Nobody knows if Baird ever built one. Nobody knows if building one was even possible or practical. After he built his Telechrome tubes, Baird promoted the two-color version, saying that two-color was more practical. He said that he liked it because two-color would adapt to the existing 405-line TV service. Only "a few changes" would be necessary. All these changes would take place in the studio and not the home. (Of course the homeowner would have to buy a pricey, two-color Telechrome TV.) Two-color Telechrome could adapt to either color TV or 3D. Apparently having both color TV and 3D would require extensive changes.
Probably Baird oversimplified the cost and complexity of adapting the British broadcasting system. First, after World War II, England faced years of reconstruction work. Second, most citizens couldn't afford a black-and-white TV, let alone a color one. Third, retrofitting TV studios for color and developing new production procedures would have been labor intense. Fourth, the Telechrome wasn't ready for production. Besides, no color TV manufacturing facility existed. Telechrome's splayed necks and bulbous tube front would have forced massive, difficult-to-ship sets. Fifth, what about product safety? Telechrome's impressive publicity ignores the necessary x-ray, drop, incineration, and tube-implosion ratings.
Above I mention the 50-percent reduction in resolution and double flicker rate when adapting Telechrome to 405-line British TV. These problems might not both occur at once. A more precise analysis presents two choices...
--A. Resolution drops to 202.5 lines. (One 202.5-line, red-orange field interlaces with one 202.5-line, blue-green field.) Repetition rate: 25 fps. In large areas of mixed color, flicker increases.
--B. Repetition rate falls to 12.5 fps. Resolution remains 405 lines. (One 405-line, red-orange frame and then one 405-line, blue-green field.) There is an overall flicker increase. Lip-sync deteriorates. (Notice the lip-sync problem on some YouTubes and Skype videophone messages.)
THE TEAPOT TUBE
Your museum owns an ancestor of the Telechrome tube (the Baird/Rauland projection CRT)! Baird derived the Telechrome display tube from the teapot tube. (Note that the Baird invention *isn't* original. It's an improvement on the teapot. The patent title clearly mentions that this is an *improvement.*) Baird used a Hewittic mercury vapor rectifier envelope, and inserted electrodes similar to those in the teapot tube. There are two teapot necks, but one teapot target. One neck aims at the front of the target. The other neck aims at the back. In other words, a Telechrome is a teapot tube with two necks and a two-sided target. Instead of an image projector, you wind up with a direct-view tube. The patent allows for either field-sequential or simultaneous scanning. I don't know if simultaneous scanning would work. But sequential scanning apparently did. Since Baird proposed converting the EMI system to color, field-sequential Telechrome displays would have been the way: 202.5 lines of cyan on the front target, and then 202.5 lines of red on the back. Never mind problems with decreased resolution and increased flicker.
Later, Rauland licensed the teapot from American Baird Co. and continued development.